The maps in this section illustrate in a graphic way the changes which have taken place in the Alberta area during the 19th century.
Aboriginal occupation and migration has its own history which saw nations in the western regions come and go. The claim by Hudson's Bay Company of Rupert's Land and its subsequent sale to Canada was a transaction foreign to the Aboriginal understanding of relating to and living on the land. Land ownership was introduced late in the 19th century, when Indian reserves were designated and immigrants were invited to claim homesteads.
Distribution and approximate lands of Aboriginal peoples after 1820.
Distribution of Aboriginal peoples across present-day Canada at time of first contact.
Establishment of fur trading posts, Methodist and Roman Catholic missions, and North West Mounted Police posts in 15 year increments, from 1825-1915.
Vicariate's limits of the James Bay and Labrador, Vicariates and provinces of Western Canada, Center of Western Canada
This project has been supported in part by the Canada-Alberta Agreement on French-language Services; the opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of the Governments of Canada or Alberta.
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Institut pour le Patrimoine, Campus Saint-Jean, University of Alberta
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